Lexra did implement a 32-bit variant of the MIPS architecture. Noteworthy architectural feature was the lack of the MIPS I instructions
lwl, lwr, swl and
swr that optimize the handling of unaligned loads. Later the LX4580 core added hardware multithreading. Products implementing Lexra's architecture include the LX4080, LX4080P, LX4180, LX4280 and LX5280, LX8000. Today Lexra is a defunct company. Many of the key employees are now working for Ultra Data Corporation located in Waltham, MA on video cores.
lwl, lwr, swl and
swr are covered by US patent 4,814,976. Lexra therefore choose to implement these instructions by software emulation. In the 1999 - 2002 lawsuit of MIPS Technologies, Inc. vs. Lexra, Inc. about violation of this and a second patent the court ruled that Lexra's software implementation of these instructions was violating the patent. Which obviously means Linux can't emulate them either.
Following the lawsuit Lexra became a MIPS32 license. MIPS later acquired Lexra's IP. This resulted in the end of Lexra's former products and so at this time there also seems to be little interest in actually adding Linux support.
The Realtec RTL8181 is a highly integrated System-on-a-Chip with a high-performance 32-bit RISC microcontroller, two Ethernet MACs, and a WLAN controller embedded onto a single chip.
The embedded Lexra LX5280 32-bit RISC CPU runs at up to 200MHz and features separate 8KB instruction and data caches.
- RTL8181 description
- Linux on Realtek RTL8181
- Known RTL8181-based consumer devices
- RealAP - Linux mini-distribution for RTL8181 based devices
Don't confuse the RTL8181 with the RTL8180. It's just plain WLAN chip, that also happens to be the one embedded on the RTL8181.