On Thu, Dec 21, 2017 at 03:19:35PM +0000, Matt Redfearn wrote:
> Hi James,
> On 21/12/17 15:14, James Hogan wrote:
> > On Thu, Dec 21, 2017 at 11:16:02AM +0000, Matt Redfearn wrote:
> >> During ftrace initialisation, placeholder instructions in the prologue
> >> of every kernel function not marked "notrace" are replaced with nops.
> >> After the instructions are written (to the dcache), flush_icache_range()
> >> is used to ensure that the icache will be updated with these replaced
> >> instructions. Currently there is an instruction_hazard guard at the end
> >> of __r4k_flush_icache_range, since a hazard can be created if the CPU
> >> has already begun fetching the instructions that have have been
> >> replaced. The placement, however, ignores the calls to preempt_enable(),
> >> both in __r4k_flush_icache_range and r4k_on_each_cpu. When
> >> CONFIG_PREEMPT is enabled, these expand out to at least calls to
> >> preempt_count_sub(). The lack of an instruction hazard between icache
> >> invalidate and the execution of preempt_count_sub, in rare
> >> circumstances, was observed to cause weird crashes on Ci40, where the
> >> CPU would end up taking a kernel unaligned access exception from the
> >> middle of do_ade(), which it somehow reached from preempt_count_sub
> >> without executing the start of do_ade.
> >> Since the instruction hazard exists immediately after the dcache is
> >> written back and icache invalidated, place the instruction_hazard()
> >> within __local_r4k_flush_icache_range. The one at the end of
> >> __r4k_flush_icache_range is too late, since all of the functions in the
> >> call path of preempt_enable have already been executed, so remove it.
> >> This fixes the crashes during ftrace initialisation on Ci40.
> >> Signed-off-by: Matt Redfearn <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> >> Cc: stable <email@example.com> # v4.9+
> >> ---
> >> arch/mips/mm/c-r4k.c | 3 ++-
> >> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >> diff --git a/arch/mips/mm/c-r4k.c b/arch/mips/mm/c-r4k.c
> >> index 6f534b209971..ce7a54223504 100644
> >> --- a/arch/mips/mm/c-r4k.c
> >> +++ b/arch/mips/mm/c-r4k.c
> >> @@ -760,6 +760,8 @@ static inline void
> >> __local_r4k_flush_icache_range(unsigned long start,
> >> break;
> >> }
> >> }
> >> + /* Hazard to force new i-fetch */
> >> + instruction_hazard();
> > By the sounds of it that is a hardware bug, that it didn't try and
> > execute either the old instruction or the new instruction.
> Yeah, possibly.
> Maybe an
> > expanded comment would be worthwhile here. If it wasn't for that issue
> > it would I suppose be safe for it to be directly before the
> > preempt_enable() in __r4k_flush_icache_range().
> No - there's another preempt_enable() in r4k_on_each_cpu (noted in the
> commit message) so by the time the local CPU gets to the
> preempt_enable() in __r4k_flush_icache_range, it has potentially already
> executed the preempt_enable path and died. That's why I put it here.
Right, but it wouldn't matter since it would still execute valid code?
> > Cheers
> > James
> >> }
> >> static inline void local_r4k_flush_icache_range(unsigned long start,
> >> @@ -817,7 +819,6 @@ static void __r4k_flush_icache_range(unsigned long
> >> start, unsigned long end,
> >> }
> >> r4k_on_each_cpu(args.type, local_r4k_flush_icache_range_ipi, &args);
> >> preempt_enable();
> >> - instruction_hazard();
> >> }
> >> static void r4k_flush_icache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long
> >> end)
> >> --
> >> 2.7.4