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Re: [PATCH v5 3/5] x86: Split syscall_trace_enter into two phases

To: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 3/5] x86: Split syscall_trace_enter into two phases
From: "Dmitry V. Levin" <ldv@altlinux.org>
Date: Fri, 6 Feb 2015 00:19:16 +0300
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>, Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org>, Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>, x86@kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, linux-mips@linux-mips.org, linux-arch@vger.kernel.org, linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>, hpa@zytor.com, Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
In-reply-to: <2df320a600020fda055fccf2b668145729dd0c04.1409954077.git.luto@amacapital.net>
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Hi,

On Fri, Sep 05, 2014 at 03:13:54PM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> This splits syscall_trace_enter into syscall_trace_enter_phase1 and
> syscall_trace_enter_phase2.  Only phase 2 has full pt_regs, and only
> phase 2 is permitted to modify any of pt_regs except for orig_ax.

This breaks ptrace, see below.

> The intent is that phase 1 can be called from the syscall fast path.
> 
> In this implementation, phase1 can handle any combination of
> TIF_NOHZ (RCU context tracking), TIF_SECCOMP, and TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT,
> unless seccomp requests a ptrace event, in which case phase2 is
> forced.
> 
> In principle, this could yield a big speedup for TIF_NOHZ as well as
> for TIF_SECCOMP if syscall exit work were similarly split up.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h |   5 ++
>  arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c      | 157 
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>  2 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
> index 6205f0c434db..86fc2bb82287 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
> @@ -75,6 +75,11 @@ convert_ip_to_linear(struct task_struct *child, struct 
> pt_regs *regs);
>  extern void send_sigtrap(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pt_regs *regs,
>                        int error_code, int si_code);
>  
> +
> +extern unsigned long syscall_trace_enter_phase1(struct pt_regs *, u32 arch);
> +extern long syscall_trace_enter_phase2(struct pt_regs *, u32 arch,
> +                                    unsigned long phase1_result);
> +
>  extern long syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *);
>  extern void syscall_trace_leave(struct pt_regs *);
>  
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
> index bbf338a04a5d..29576c244699 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
> @@ -1441,20 +1441,126 @@ void send_sigtrap(struct task_struct *tsk, struct 
> pt_regs *regs,
>       force_sig_info(SIGTRAP, &info, tsk);
>  }
>  
> +static void do_audit_syscall_entry(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 arch)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> +     if (arch == AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64) {
> +             audit_syscall_entry(arch, regs->orig_ax, regs->di,
> +                                 regs->si, regs->dx, regs->r10);
> +     } else
> +#endif
> +     {
> +             audit_syscall_entry(arch, regs->orig_ax, regs->bx,
> +                                 regs->cx, regs->dx, regs->si);
> +     }
> +}
> +
>  /*
> - * We must return the syscall number to actually look up in the table.
> - * This can be -1L to skip running any syscall at all.
> + * We can return 0 to resume the syscall or anything else to go to phase
> + * 2.  If we resume the syscall, we need to put something appropriate in
> + * regs->orig_ax.
> + *
> + * NB: We don't have full pt_regs here, but regs->orig_ax and regs->ax
> + * are fully functional.
> + *
> + * For phase 2's benefit, our return value is:
> + * 0:                        resume the syscall
> + * 1:                        go to phase 2; no seccomp phase 2 needed
> + * anything else:    go to phase 2; pass return value to seccomp
>   */
> -long syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +unsigned long syscall_trace_enter_phase1(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 arch)
>  {
> -     long ret = 0;
> +     unsigned long ret = 0;
> +     u32 work;
> +
> +     BUG_ON(regs != task_pt_regs(current));
> +
> +     work = ACCESS_ONCE(current_thread_info()->flags) &
> +             _TIF_WORK_SYSCALL_ENTRY;
>  
>       /*
>        * If TIF_NOHZ is set, we are required to call user_exit() before
>        * doing anything that could touch RCU.
>        */
> -     if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NOHZ))
> +     if (work & _TIF_NOHZ) {
>               user_exit();
> +             work &= ~TIF_NOHZ;
> +     }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
> +     /*
> +      * Do seccomp first -- it should minimize exposure of other
> +      * code, and keeping seccomp fast is probably more valuable
> +      * than the rest of this.
> +      */
> +     if (work & _TIF_SECCOMP) {
> +             struct seccomp_data sd;
> +
> +             sd.arch = arch;
> +             sd.nr = regs->orig_ax;
> +             sd.instruction_pointer = regs->ip;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> +             if (arch == AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64) {
> +                     sd.args[0] = regs->di;
> +                     sd.args[1] = regs->si;
> +                     sd.args[2] = regs->dx;
> +                     sd.args[3] = regs->r10;
> +                     sd.args[4] = regs->r8;
> +                     sd.args[5] = regs->r9;
> +             } else
> +#endif
> +             {
> +                     sd.args[0] = regs->bx;
> +                     sd.args[1] = regs->cx;
> +                     sd.args[2] = regs->dx;
> +                     sd.args[3] = regs->si;
> +                     sd.args[4] = regs->di;
> +                     sd.args[5] = regs->bp;
> +             }
> +
> +             BUILD_BUG_ON(SECCOMP_PHASE1_OK != 0);
> +             BUILD_BUG_ON(SECCOMP_PHASE1_SKIP != 1);
> +
> +             ret = seccomp_phase1(&sd);
> +             if (ret == SECCOMP_PHASE1_SKIP) {
> +                     regs->orig_ax = -1;

How the tracer is expected to get the correct syscall number after that?


-- 
ldv

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