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Re: [PATCH 14/17] MIPS: bpf: Prevent kernel fall over for >=32bit shifts

To: David Laight <David.Laight@ACULAB.COM>, "" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 14/17] MIPS: bpf: Prevent kernel fall over for >=32bit shifts
From: Markos Chandras <>
Date: Mon, 23 Jun 2014 12:06:15 +0100
Cc: "David S. Miller" <>, Daniel Borkmann <>, Alexei Starovoitov <>, "" <>
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On 06/23/2014 10:44 AM, David Laight wrote:
> From: Markos Chandras
>> Remove BUG_ON() if the shift immediate is >=32 to avoid
>> kernel crashes due to malicious user input. Since the micro-assembler
>> will not allow an immediate greater or equal to 32, we will use the
>> maximum value which is 31. This will do the correct thing on either 32-
>> or 64-bit cores since no 64-bit instructions are being used in JIT.
> I'm not sure that bounding the shift to 31 bits 'is the correct thing'.
> I'd have thought that emulating the large shift or masking the shift
> to 5 bits are equally 'correct'.
> ...
Hi David,

Since we use 32-bit registers (or rather, we ignore the top 32bits on
MIPS64), shifting >= 32 will always result to 0.
Alexei suggested [1] to allow large shifts and emulate them, so this
patch aims to do that by treating >=32 shift values as 31. Please tell
me if I got this wrong.



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