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Re: [PATCH 0/2] irq/of: Enchance irq_domain support.

To: Rob Herring <>, "" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 0/2] irq/of: Enchance irq_domain support.
From: David Daney <>
Date: Mon, 14 Nov 2011 16:11:01 -0800
Cc: David Daney <>, "" <>, "" <>, "" <>, "" <>, "" <>, "" <>, "" <>, David Daney <>
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On 11/14/2011 02:41 PM, Rob Herring wrote:
On 11/14/2011 11:58 AM, David Daney wrote:
On 11/11/2011 07:55 PM, Rob Herring wrote:
On 11/11/2011 07:50 PM, wrote:
From: David Daney<>

This is the first cut at hooking up my Octeon port to the irq_domain

The Octeon specific patches are part of a larger set, and will need to
be applied with that set, the first patch is stand-alone.

The basic problem being solved taken from one of my other e-mails:

     Unfortunately, although a good idea, kernel/irq/irqdomain.c makes a
     bunch of assumptions that don't hold for Octeon.  We may be able to
     improve it so that it flexible enough to suit us.

     Here are the problems I see:

     1) It is assumed that there is some sort of linear correspondence
     between 'hwirq' and 'irq', and that the range of valid values is

     2) It is assumed that the concepts of nr_irq, irq_base and
     hwirq_base have easy to determine values and you can do iteration
     over their ranges by adding indexes to the bases.

I still think this is the wrong approach.

Are the gpio interrupts the source of your problem here?


That's how I read it.

Take a look at Patch 2/2, since the GPIO irqs are contiguous over both
irq and hwirq numbers, I use the existing infrastructure with no

I did. You are adding GPIO support to the existing support.

No, I am adding DT support. For that I need a working irq_create_of_mapping() for non-GPIO interrupts. I am also adding GPIO, but that is not the part giving us problems.

You may recall that in an earlier e-mail you asked me to use irq_domain support for my irq_create_of_mapping() rather than my previous ad hoc approach. I agree that this is a good idea, and now we are here.

It would be
nice to separate that from add DT support.

Granted, the non-GPIO support for irq_create_of_mapping() and GPIO support could be separated into two patches, but that is somewhat of an orthogonal issue. Since that part is isolated in arch/mips, Ralf and I can discuss doing that. For now I would like to concentrate on figuring out if it is advantageous to adjust the irq_domain core implementation.

You have 16 GPIO irqs directly connected into lines on your
primary interrupt controller which has 128 lines. So for a Linux irq
number, you want to translate to a GPIO hwirq number and/or a CIU hwirq
number. Trying to have 2 hwirq mappings for 1 Linux irq number just
won't work. It seems to me you should use a chained handler here because
you need to process the interrupt at both the primary ctrlr and gpio
ctrlr levels.

All moot as it is based on the false predicate of GPIO irqs being the

Let me rephrase, if you completely ignore GPIO for a minute, what is the

Yes, let's do that.  It is clouding the issue.

Just that irq_descs are sparsely allocated for the primary
controller. Then the GPIO interrupts are inserted into the middle of
that irq space. Handling sparse irqs is a potentially common problem, so
we should address that in the core irqdomain code.

This is precisely the issue, and what patch 1/2 is doing.

My Patch 2/2 was just included to show how I would be using the changes.

The root of the problem are all of the irqs that are not GPIO.  I have:

o irq numbers currently in the range [9..196], with holes for any given
SOC/Board implementation.  SOCs currently in development will have
additional irq numbers with even more holes.

o Two different interrupt controllers.  One with 128 lines, the other
with  512 or more lines, both sparsely populated.  The mapping of hwirq
to irq is done at boot time based on the hardware the kernel image is
running on.  Note that the second type of irq controller support is not
in the kernel, but it exists, and I intend on getting support
for it merged ASAP.

To be clear, those are not holes in hwirq's, but many lines don't have
connections so you are not allocating Linux irqs for them. hwirq should
reflect interrupt numbers from the controller's perspective and be
directly usable to index to the correct register and bit mask. There's
no storage associated with a hwirq, so the only cost is iterating over
them which is not done frequently.

Yes, this is essentially correct.

There are two iterators defined:

1) irq_domain_each_hwirq()

2) irq_domain_for_each_irq()

Yet struct irq_domain has only nr_irq, this clearly cannot be used as the range of both iterators. Furthermore I think the concept of a linear iteration through irq values is fundamentally broken.

There is not a clean separation of the primary interrupt controller's
hwirq numbers and Linux irq numbers in your patch.

?? I don't get what you mean. They are clearly separate concepts, my interrupt controller code even goes as far as having a map to translate between the two.

Then you are
overlaying the GPIO interrupts into the Linux irq space.

Indeed I am, but its only effect is to introduce an additional hole (among many others) in the irq number space of the primary controller. It is only tangentially related to the real issues of this discussion.

At a minimum the loop in irq_domain_add() where we iterate over a linear
range of irq numbers is not flexible enough.  You may not like my
iterator functions in irq_domain_ops, but we need to provide something
better than the irq_domain_for_each_irq() macro.

I'm just trying to back-up some and understand the problem.

How about if .to_irq returns 0, the loop can just continue and skip over
that hwirq without error.

Ok, now we are getting somewhere.

However I am not sufficiently clever to design an iteration macro like irq_domain_for_each_irq(), that would use the return value of zero from .to_irq to determine if we should continue to the next hwirq value without entering the body of the loop.

I am left with my callback iterator thing that is in the patch 1/2.

I don't think .each_hwirq is being used, so you can delete that.

Yes, I noticed that.  There are two options:

1) Remove it as you suggest, along with irq_domain_for_each_hwirq() and irq_domain_each_hwirq().

2) Leave it on the grounds that irq_domain_for_each_hwirq() is there for a reason.

David Daney

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