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Re: [PATCH] add MIPS assembler version of twofish crypto algorithm

To: Ralf Baechle <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] add MIPS assembler version of twofish crypto algorithm
From: David Kuehling <>
Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2011 11:04:57 +0200
In-reply-to: <> (Ralf Baechle's message of "Wed, 28 Sep 2011 15:32:41 +0200")
References: <87ty9c743i.fsf@snail.Pool> <>
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/23.2 (gnu/linux)
Thought that patch went unnoticed and almost forgot about it myself...
Nice to see that it didn't slip through, and thanks for taking the time
to review.

About your comments:

>>>>> "Ralf" == Ralf Baechle <> writes:

> On Sat, Aug 20, 2011 at 12:46:25PM +0200, David Kuehling wrote:
>> this patch adds a MIPS assembler version of the twofish cipher
>> algorithm.  x86(_64) had an assembler version of twofish for some
>> time now, giving it an "unfair" advantage against the not so common
>> architectures.
> Lots of trailing whitespace in that patch.  scripts/
> would have warned about those …

> +#if __mips64 +# define HAVE_64BIT +#endif


> +#if _MIPS_SZPTR == 32 +# define PTRADD addu 
> PTR_ADDU from <asm/asm.h> does the same thing as PTRADDU so the entire
> ifdefery above can go away.

Good point, that'll neatly clean the patch up.

> Finally the use of register names starting with $ is a bit obscure.
> Kernel code needs to build for N64 and O32 but of those only N64 has
> registers called $ta0 .. $ta3 which are the equivalent to registers $8
> .. $11.

> And in O32 registers $t0 ... $t3 also aliases for $8 .. $11.  I
> haven't fully analyzed the code to ensure that there is no register
> conflict arising from that.

Didn't find another way to make the code work with O32 and N64.
$ta0..$ta3 can replace registers $t4..$t7 that are missing on N64 to
make room for additional argument registers $a4..$a7.  This works as
long as $a4..$a7 aren't used as well.

Looking at asm/regdef.h I see that #define ta0 etc. is missing for O32,
making that trick impossible.  Maybe we should add them there as well?

> I was surprised that gas assembles the code at all.  $ta0 .. $ta3 are
> N32 / N64 register names and consider gas permitting the use of these
> registers in O32 a bug - but see my other posting to the binutils list
> for that.

Yes, that feature may be obscure, had to grep through binutil sources to
find out about it...

> Improvment suggestion for le32_fromto_cpu - MIPS 32/64 R2 CPUs can use
> the wsbh instruction to faster endianess swapping:

I completely missed the wsbh opcode.  Knew about rotr, but given that
even the recent Loongson-2f doesn't support it, I was reluctant to add
code for it (plus i won't be able to benchmark it anyways).

> This code fragment is from <asm/swab.h>.

> + /* if we turned this into 64-bit ops, we get endianess issues on +
> big-endian mips, plus alignment problems */

> Some CPUs (Cavium Octeon) handle unaligned loads in hardware, on
> others a combination of LDL / LDR and SDL / SDR could be used to
> handle the unaligned loads and DSBH / DSHD (see __arch_swab64 in
> swab.h) could be used on MIPS64 R2 CPUs to handle the alignment
> issues.  Or a rotate - have to think about it.

There is an alignmask field in the crypto_alg struct, that might prevent
alignment issues.  Didn't have an in-depth look at how that works
though.  Still there would be endianess issues, given that twofish is
designed to work on words of 32-bit.

I think the load/store code of the crypto routine does not have much
influence on performance, as it is outside the main loop (including the
endianess conversion).  There is a rotation operation within the loop,
that could be sped up using rotr opcode, giving maybe 2% performance
gain.  Not sure whether that's worth another round of #ifdefs and twice
the testing.

What'd be the best way to check for rot opcode support?  Use
CONFIG_CPU_MIPSR2?  Check gcc define __mips>=32 && __mips_isa_rev>=2
(grepping through kernel asm files, I don't find any asm sources that
include kconfig.h)?

I'm currently a little swamped with work, btw, might take me a few days
to prepare an updated patch.


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