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Re: use bootmem in platform code on MIPS

To: Manuel Lauss <>
Subject: Re: use bootmem in platform code on MIPS
From: David Daney <>
Date: Wed, 28 Apr 2010 11:59:01 -0700
Cc: Ralf Baechle <>, Linux-MIPS <>
In-reply-to: <>
Original-recipient: rfc822;
References: <> <> <>
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On 04/28/2010 09:28 AM, Manuel Lauss wrote:
On Wed, Apr 28, 2010 at 5:54 PM, Ralf Baechle<>  wrote:
On Tue, Apr 27, 2010 at 02:14:32PM +0200, Manuel Lauss wrote:

I'd like to use bootmem to reserve large chunks of RAM (at a particular physical
address; for Au1200 MAE, CIM and framebuffer, and later Au1300 OpenGL block)
but it seems that it can't be done:  Doing __alloc_bootmem() in
plat_mem_setup() is
too early, while an arch_initcall() is too late because by then the
slab allocator is
already up and handing out random addresses and/or refusing allocations larger
than a few MBytes.

The maximum is actually configurable.  CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER defaults
to 11 which means with 4kB pages you get 8MB maximum allocation - more for
larger pages.

I already had to modify it for large display resolutions.

You also have to modify it for huge pages combined with larger pages.

I have:

        int "Maximum zone order"
        range 13 64 if SYS_SUPPORTS_HUGETLBFS && PAGE_SIZE_32KB
        default "13" if SYS_SUPPORTS_HUGETLBFS && PAGE_SIZE_32KB
        range 12 64 if SYS_SUPPORTS_HUGETLBFS && PAGE_SIZE_16KB
        default "12" if SYS_SUPPORTS_HUGETLBFS && PAGE_SIZE_16KB
        range 11 64
        default "11"
          The kernel memory allocator divides physically contiguous memory
          blocks into "zones", where each zone is a power of two number of
          pages.  This option selects the largest power of two that the kernel
          keeps in the memory allocator.  If you need to allocate very large
          blocks of physically contiguous memory, then you may need to
          increase this value.

          This config option is actually maximum order plus one. For example,
          a value of 11 means that the largest free memory block is 2^10 pages.

          The page size is not necessarily 4KB.  Keep this in mind
          when choosing a value for this option.

CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER is a tradeoff though.  A smaller value will give
slightly better performance and safe a bit of memory but I can't really
quantify these numbers - I assume it's a small difference.

It may actually be preferable to never tell the bootmem allocator about the
memory you need for these devices that is bypass the mm code entirely.

Do you mean by not adding the whole RAM area with add_memory_region()?
Can I give the memory back later (if it's not required)?  Right now I think with
bootmem that is actually possible.

Is there another callback I could use which would allow me to use bootmem (short
of abusing plat_smp_setup)?

Would a separate callback like this be an acceptable solution?

Certainly better than using plat_smp_setup which would require enabling
SMP support for no good reason at all.

I know we will eventually have to add another platform hooks to run after
bootmem_init.  The name of plat_mem_setup() already shows what this hook
originally was meant for but it ended up as the everything-and-the-kitchen-
sink hook for platform-specific early initialization.  I just dislike

The comment above arch_mem_init() too mentions a separate function.

conditional hooks.  Let's add a call to a new hook function and fix whatever
breaks or think about what other hooks needs there should be.

Okay, I'll cook something up.

Thank you,
         Manuel Lauss

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