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[-queue v9 3/3] MIPS: r4k: Add a high resolution sched_clock()

To: Ralf Baechle <>
Subject: [-queue v9 3/3] MIPS: r4k: Add a high resolution sched_clock()
From: Wu Zhangjin <>
Date: Thu, 11 Mar 2010 11:18:20 +0800
Cc:, David Daney <>, Wu Zhangjin <>
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From: Wu Zhangjin <>

(This patch is one of the "high resolution sched_clock()" patchset.)

(v8 -> v9:
 O Make it depends on 64BIT for the current mips_sched_clock() only
 support 64bit.

 v7 -> v8:

 O Make it works with the exisiting clocksource_mips.mult,
 clocksource_mips.shift and copes with the 64bit calculation's overflow
 problem with the method introduced by David Daney in "MIPS: Octeon: Use
 non-overflowing arithmetic in sched_clock".

 To reduce the duplication, I have abstracted an inline
 mips_sched_clock() function to arch/mips/include/asm/time.h from

 v6 -> v7:

 O Make it depends on !CPU_FREQ and CPU_HAS_FIXED_C0_COUNT

 This sched_clock() is only available with the processor has fixed cp0
 MIPS count register or even has dynamic cp0 MIPS count register but
 with CPU_FREQ disabled.

 NOTE: If your processor has fixed c0 count, please select
 CPU_HAS_FIXED_C0_COUNT for it and send a related patch to Ralf.

 v5 -> v6:

 o hard-codes the cycle2ns_scale_factor as 8 for 30(cs->shift) is too
 big. With 30, the return value of sched_clock() will also overflow quickly.
 o moves the sched_clock() back into csrc-r4k.c as David and Sergei
 o inits c0 count as zero for PRINTK_TIME=y.
 o drops the HR_SCHED_CLCOK option for the current sched_clock() is stable
 enough to replace the jiffies based one.

This patch adds a cnt32_to_63() and MIPS c0 count based sched_clock(),
which provides high resolution.

Without it, the Ftrace for MIPS will give useless timestamp information.

Because cnt32_to_63() needs to be called at least once per half period
to work properly, Differ from the old version, this v2 revision set up a
kernel timer to ensure the requirement of some MIPSs which have short c0
count period.

And also, we init the c0 count as ZERO(just as jiffies does) in
time_init() before plat_time_init(), without it, PRINTK_TIME=y will get
wrong timestamp information. (NOTE: some platforms have initiazlied c0
count as zero, but some not, this may introduce some duplication,
perhaps a new patch is needed to remove the initialized of c0 count in
the platforms later?)

This is originally from arch/arm/plat-orion/time.c

This revision works well for function graph tracer now, and also,
PRINTK_TIME=y will get normal timestamp informatin.

Signed-off-by: Wu Zhangjin <>
 arch/mips/Kconfig           |   13 ++++++++++++
 arch/mips/kernel/csrc-r4k.c |   45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/mips/kernel/time.c     |    5 ++++
 3 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/mips/Kconfig b/arch/mips/Kconfig
index 591ca0c..791c21f 100644
--- a/arch/mips/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/Kconfig
@@ -1936,6 +1936,19 @@ config NR_CPUS
 source "kernel/time/Kconfig"
+# High Resolution sched_clock() support
+       bool
+       bool
+       depends on CPU_HAS_FIXED_C0_COUNT || !CPU_FREQ
+       depends on 64BIT
+       default y
 # Timer Interrupt Frequency Configuration
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/csrc-r4k.c b/arch/mips/kernel/csrc-r4k.c
index e95a3cd..89473ba 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/csrc-r4k.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/csrc-r4k.c
@@ -6,7 +6,9 @@
  * Copyright (C) 2007 by Ralf Baechle
 #include <linux/clocksource.h>
+#include <linux/cnt32_to_63.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
 #include <asm/time.h>
@@ -22,6 +24,47 @@ static struct clocksource clocksource_mips = {
        .flags          = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
+ * MIPS sched_clock implementation.
+ *
+ * Because the hardware timer period is quite short and because cnt32_to_63()
+ * needs to be called at least once per half period to work properly, a kernel
+ * timer is set up to ensure this requirement is always met.
+ *
+ * Please refer to include/linux/cnt32_to_63.h, arch/arm/plat-orion/time.c and
+ * arch/mips/include/asm/time.h (mips_sched_clock)
+ */
+unsigned long long notrace sched_clock(void)
+       u64 cnt = cnt32_to_63(read_c0_count());
+       if (cnt & 0x8000000000000000)
+               cnt &= 0x7fffffffffffffff;
+       return mips_sched_clock(&clocksource_mips, cnt);
+static struct timer_list cnt32_to_63_keepwarm_timer;
+static void cnt32_to_63_keepwarm(unsigned long data)
+       mod_timer(&cnt32_to_63_keepwarm_timer, round_jiffies(jiffies + data));
+       sched_clock();
+static inline void setup_hres_sched_clock(unsigned long clock)
+       unsigned long data;
+       data = 0x80000000UL / clock * HZ;
+       setup_timer(&cnt32_to_63_keepwarm_timer, cnt32_to_63_keepwarm, data);
+       mod_timer(&cnt32_to_63_keepwarm_timer, round_jiffies(jiffies + data));
 int __init init_r4k_clocksource(void)
        if (!cpu_has_counter || !mips_hpt_frequency)
@@ -32,6 +75,8 @@ int __init init_r4k_clocksource(void)
        clocksource_set_clock(&clocksource_mips, mips_hpt_frequency);
+       setup_hres_sched_clock(mips_hpt_frequency);
        return 0;
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/time.c b/arch/mips/kernel/time.c
index fb74974..86cf18a 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/time.c
@@ -119,6 +119,11 @@ static __init int cpu_has_mfc0_count_bug(void)
 void __init time_init(void)
+       if (!mips_clockevent_init() || !cpu_has_mfc0_count_bug())
+               write_c0_count(0);
        if (!mips_clockevent_init() || !cpu_has_mfc0_count_bug())

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