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Re: Relocation problem with MIPS kernel modules

To: Ralf Baechle <>
Subject: Re: Relocation problem with MIPS kernel modules
From: David VomLehn <>
Date: Mon, 3 Aug 2009 11:19:58 -0700
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Cc: GCC Help Mailing List <>, Linux MIPS Mailing List <>
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On Mon, Aug 03, 2009 at 10:20:30AM +0100, Ralf Baechle wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 30, 2009 at 11:49:23AM -0700, David VomLehn wrote:
> > To: GCC Help Mailing List <>,
> >     Linux MIPS Mailing List <>
> > Subject: Relocation problem with MIPS kernel modules
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
> > 
> > I have a MIPS loadable kernel module that, when I try to insmod it, causes 
> > the
> > kernel to emit the message:
> > 
> >     module xyz: dangerous relocation
> > According to the MIPS ABI, for what it's worth, "Each relocation type of
> > R_MIPS_HI16 must have an associated R_MIPS_LO16 entry immediately following
> > it in the list of relocations." So, what's actually getting generated by
> > gcc and linker differs from the closest thing we have to an ABI of record 
> > for
> > MIPS processors.
> The GNU tools as an extension over the MIPS ABI allows an arbitrary number of
> R_MIPS_HI16 relocations to be followed by a R_MIPS_LO16 symbol.  All
> relocations of this sequence must use the same symbol, of course.  This is
> a very old extension; I think it predates the Linux/MIPS port.

Perhaps a foolish question, but is this documented anywhere? I know there is a
a document over at addressing some
other MIPS ABI changes, but I didn't see this one. Obviously, we could put
documentation on the linux-mips Wiki, with pointers to other documents, but
I'm not sure this is the right place. I'm also concerned there could be other
ABI changes/extensions that need to be included.

>   Ralf


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