|To:||David VomLehn <email@example.com>|
|Subject:||Re: Relocation problem with MIPS kernel modules|
|From:||David Daney <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|Date:||Thu, 30 Jul 2009 12:15:42 -0700|
|Cc:||GCC Help Mailing List <email@example.com>, Linux MIPS Mailing List <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|User-agent:||Thunderbird 188.8.131.52 (X11/20090320)|
David VomLehn wrote:
I have a MIPS loadable kernel module that, when I try to insmod it, causes the kernel to emit the message: module xyz: dangerous relocation This message appears in three different places in arch/mips/kernel/module.c, but this one is coming from apply_r_mips_lo16_rel(). The module code at the location at which the error message is generated appears to be pretty bland: lw v0,28564(s1) with the expected relocation type of R_MIPS_LO16. The relocation before it is R_MIPS_HI16, as expected, but for a different symbol. Before *that* is another R_MIPS_HI16 relocation entry for yet a third symbol. According to the MIPS ABI, for what it's worth, "Each relocation type of R_MIPS_HI16 must have an associated R_MIPS_LO16 entry immediately following it in the list of relocations." So, what's actually getting generated by gcc and linker differs from the closest thing we have to an ABI of record for MIPS processors. What the kernel actually does differs from my interpretation of the MIPS ABI in several particulars, which it has to do to relocate what it is actually getting, but since I get the "dangerous relocation" error for a module that appears to me to be valid, it may need to be fixed/enhanced. So, who the heck knows what gcc and the linker are really generating and can anyone suggest an algorithm for handling R_MIPS_HI16/R_MIPS_LO16 relocation entries correctly?
Without seeing your object module I am guessing. Q: What version of binutils and GCC are you using?It is the assembler's responsibility to properly sort the relocations. Some versions of binutils have bugs in this area. If you are not using 2.19.1, I suggest that you upgrade.
Unless you are compiling with -fsection-anchors there should be pairs of R_MIPS_HI16/R_MIPS_LO16 relocations.
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