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[PATCH] declance: Restore tx descriptor ring locking

To: "David S. Miller" <>
Subject: [PATCH] declance: Restore tx descriptor ring locking
From: "Maciej W. Rozycki" <>
Date: Mon, 8 Jun 2009 02:47:05 +0100 (WEST)
Original-recipient: rfc822;
User-agent: Alpine 1.10 (LFD 962 2008-03-14)
 A driver overhaul on 29 Feb 2000 (!) broke locking around fiddling with 
the tx descriptor ring in start_xmit(); a follow-on "fix" removed the 
broken remnants altogether.  Here's a patch to restore proper locking in 
the function -- the complement in the interrupt handler has been correct 
all the time.

 This *may* have been the reason for the occasional confusion of the chip 
-- triggering a tx timeout followed by a chip reset sequence -- seen on 
R4k-based DECstations with the onboard Ethernet interface.  Another theory 
is the confusion is due to an unindentified problem -- perhaps a silicon 
erratum -- associated with the variation of the MT ASIC used to interface 
the R4k CPU to the rest of the system on these computers; with its 
aggressive write-back buffering the design is particularly weakly ordered 
when it comes to MMIO (in the absence of ordering barriers uncached reads 
are allowed to bypass earlier uncached writes, even if to the same 
location), which may trigger all kinds of corner cases in peripheral 
hardware as well as software.

 Either way this piece of code is buggy.

Signed-off-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <>
 Works for me.  Dave, please apply.


Index: linux-mips-2.6.27-rc8-20081004-3maxp/drivers/net/declance.c
--- linux-mips-2.6.27-rc8-20081004-3maxp.orig/drivers/net/declance.c
+++ linux-mips-2.6.27-rc8-20081004-3maxp/drivers/net/declance.c
@@ -906,6 +906,7 @@ static int lance_start_xmit(struct sk_bu
        struct lance_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
        volatile struct lance_regs *ll = lp->ll;
        volatile u16 *ib = (volatile u16 *)dev->mem_start;
+       unsigned long flags;
        int entry, len;
        len = skb->len;
@@ -918,6 +919,8 @@ static int lance_start_xmit(struct sk_bu
        dev->stats.tx_bytes += len;
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->lock, flags);
        entry = lp->tx_new;
        *lib_ptr(ib, btx_ring[entry].length, lp->type) = (-len);
        *lib_ptr(ib, btx_ring[entry].misc, lp->type) = 0;
@@ -936,6 +939,8 @@ static int lance_start_xmit(struct sk_bu
        /* Kick the lance: transmit now */
        writereg(&ll->rdp, LE_C0_INEA | LE_C0_TDMD);
+       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->lock, flags);
        dev->trans_start = jiffies;

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