On Sun, 16 Apr 2006, Nick Piggin wrote:
> Steven Rostedt wrote:
> > It's not just about saving memory, but also to make it more robust. But
> > that's another story.
> But making it slower isn't going to be popular.
You're right and I've been thinking of modifications to fix that.
These patches were to shake up ideas.
> Why is your module using so much per-cpu memory, anyway?
Wasn't my module anyway. The problem appeared in the -rt patch set, when
tracing was turned on. Some module was affected, and grew it's per_cpu
size by quite a bit. In fact we had to increase PERCPU_ENOUGH_ROOM by up
to something like 300K.
> > Since both the offset array, and the variables are mainly read only (only
> > written on boot up), added the fact that the added variables are in their
> > own section. Couldn't something be done to help pre load this in a local
> > cache, or something similar?
> It it would still add to the dependent loads on the critical path, so
> it now prevents the compiler/programmer/oooe engine from speculatively
> loading the __per_cpu_offset.
> And it does increase cache footprint of per-cpu accesses, which are
> supposed to be really light and substitute for [NR_CPUS] arrays.
> I don't think it would have been hard for the original author to make
> it robust... just not both fast and robust. PERCPU_ENOUGH_ROOM seems
> like an ugly hack at first glance, but I'm fairly sure it was a result
> of design choices.
Yeah, and I discovered the reasons for those choices as I worked on this.
I've put a little more thought into this and still think there's a
solution to not slow things down.
Since the per_cpu_offset section is still smaller than the
PERCPU_ENOUGH_ROOM and robust, I could still copy it into a per cpu memory
field, and even add the __per_cpu_offset to it. This would still save
quite a bit of space.
So now I'm asking for advice on some ideas that can be a work around to
keep the robustness and speed.
Is there a way (for archs that support it) to allocate memory in a per cpu
manner. So each CPU would have its own variable table in the memory that
is best of it. Then have a field (like the pda in x86_64) to point to
this section, and use the linker offsets to index and find the per_cpu
So this solution still has one more redirection than the current solution
(per_cpu_offset__##var -> __per_cpu_offset -> actual_var where as the
current solution is __per_cpu_offset -> actual_var), but all the loads
would be done from memory that would only be specified for a particular
The generic case would still be the same as the patches I already sent,
but the archs that can support it, can have something like the above.
Would something like that be acceptible?