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Re: pcmcia (again)

Subject: Re: pcmcia (again)
From: Pete Popov <>
Date: Sun, 16 Sep 2001 22:22:53 -0700
References: <>
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Jim Paris wrote:
I've learned a bit since my question regarding PCMCIA, and haven't
gotten any answers, so here's a possibly-easier-to-answer version.

My architecture has ISA memory mapped at some high address (via
isa_slot_offset).  Turns out this isn't special; most non-x86 targets
with ISA do it (PPC, MIPS).  So, the problem seems to boil down to the
fact that the kernel's PCMCIA drivers simply don't support this (as
they assume that ISA space is absolutely addressable).

Is this true, and if so, how do you guys get PCMCIA working on MIPS?
Has anyone done it?

Yes, I did it recently for the Alchemy Au1000 eval board, the pb1000. In fact, just last week I added support for the ide-cs driver which allows you to use flash ata cards.

The Au1000 pcmcia controller is part of the SOC. There are three windows with fixed addresses: one that accesses pcmcia io, another for attribute memory, and the last for common memory. If your pcmcia controller is not one of the ones that linux already supports (ie, no socket driver for it), you might encounter problems beyond just the ones you describe above.

There is a small patch I got from a strongarm board which adds support for fixed memory windows controllers. I've attached that patch in case you need it (I also had to make ioaddr_t a 32 bit type). The socket driver I wrote ioremaps the pcmcia io space. I have set mips_io_port_base to 0, so now when the inl/inb/outl/outb etc macros are used, the "offset" that is passed to them is actually the ioremapped address so it's a valid address. The IO macros in the mips port take the "offset" passed to them and then add mips_io_port_base. So the sum of the two has to be a valid address. The socket driver passes the physical addresses of the attribute and common memory to the cs driver, and those addresses are then ioremapped at some point.

Unfortunately the client drivers make assumptions about the pcmcia windows that are valid for the type of pcmcia controllers used in PCs and even some PPC SOCs, but they are not valid for fixed window controllers. The only client driver I was able to use without any modifications to it is the 3COM 589 ethernet card, and now the ide-cs driver. The memory-cs driver (which is not part of the kernel drivers anyway) does not work for me without modifying it.

One advice, stay the hell away from Xircom cards when you're testing. Apparently there is no documentation for them (someone correct me if I'm wrong) so they work mainly (and perhaps only) on x86, since that's where they were reversed engineered.

--- stock-2.4.8/drivers/pcmcia/cs.c     Wed Jun 20 11:19:02 2001
+++ linux-mips-dev/drivers/pcmcia/cs.c  Wed Sep  5 12:51:24 2001
@@ -788,6 +788,10 @@
              *base, align);
        align = 0;
+    if ((s->cap.features & SS_CAP_STATIC_MAP) && s->cap.io_offset) {
+       *base = s->cap.io_offset | (*base & 0x0fff);
+       return 0;
+    }
     /* Check for an already-allocated window that must conflict with
        what was asked for.  It is a hack because it does not catch all
        potential conflicts, just the most obvious ones. */
--- stock-2.4.8/include/pcmcia/ss.h     Fri Feb 16 16:02:37 2001
+++ linux-mips-dev/include/pcmcia/ss.h  Wed Sep  5 12:25:36 2001
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@
     u_int      features;
     u_int      irq_mask;
     u_int      map_size;
+    ioaddr_t    io_offset;
     u_char     pci_irq;
     struct pci_dev *cb_dev;
     struct bus_operations *bus;
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