On Tue, Aug 21, 2001 at 09:34:00AM +0800, machael thailer wrote:
> I am confused about CU0 and UM(ERL EXL) bit of STATUS register.
> The user manual says that " CP0 is always usable when in Kernel mode,
> regardless of the setting of CU0 bit". Does it mean that when in Kernel mode
> , the CU0 bit is always 1 and in User mode, the CU0 bit is 0? If the CU0 is
> 0, can we be sure that it is in User mode?
In the Linux kernel CU0 is used to indicate that we're running on the
> If a user program is running in User mode, an interrupt happens at this
> time(or an error occurs), then it will switch to Kernel mode to run the
> interrupt handler(or the error exception handler). We know that the EXL(or
> ERL) bit of Status register will be set to 1 by hardware. What about the UM
> bit of Status? Does it remain unchangeable or change to 1 too? The user
> manual doesn't say anything about it.
The hardware does not change UM (r4k: KSU bits).
> Another question about exception priority:
> In entry.S, some exception handlers enables global interrupt bit(IE) but
> others disables it.
We have to avoid infinite recursion of exceptions; in same cases it's
just paranoia or minor performance issue.
> Also syscall exception handler enables global interrupt bit(IE). Since the
> interrupt priority is lowest,If an interrupt happens in a syscall exception
> handler, will it pause the syscall exception handler and run the interrupt
> handler? If not, why it enable the IE bit(STI) in the syscall exception
> If two interrupts happens at the same time, how can we decide the larger
> priority interrupt and run its ISR?
That's the decission of implementor of the respective board. No strict
rules here; in general we priorize the timer interrupt highest but that's
no longer mandatory.