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Re: Linux on a 100MHz r4000 indy?

To: Greg Johnson <>
Subject: Re: Linux on a 100MHz r4000 indy?
From: Ralf Baechle <>
Date: Tue, 17 Jul 2001 05:00:50 +0200
In-reply-to: <>; from on Mon, Jul 16, 2001 at 10:39:02PM -0400
References: <> <> <>
User-agent: Mutt/1.2.5i
On Mon, Jul 16, 2001 at 10:39:02PM -0400, Greg Johnson wrote:

> CPU revision is: 00000422

That's a really old and buggy CPU.  Kevin Kissel may correct me but I think
it's the first series shipped to customers.  Among the fun bugs:


4. R4000PC, R4000SC: An instruction sequence which contains a load which causes
   a data cache miss and a jump, where the jump instruction is that last
   instruction in the page and the delay slot of the jump is not currently
   mapped, causes the exception vector to be overwritten by the jump address.
   The R4000 will use the jump address as the exception vector.

   Example:     lw      <---- data cache miss
                noop    <---- one or two Noops
                jr      <---- last instruction in the page (jump or branch in-
                --------------<----     page boundary

   Workaround: Jump and branch instructions should never be in the last loca-
               tion of a page.
11. R4000PC, R4000SC: In the case:

                lw rA, (rn)
                noop            (or any non-conflicting instruction)
                lw rn, (rA)     (where the address in rA causes a TLB refill)
                --------------------> end of page
                page not mapped

   where rn and RA are general purpose registers r0 through r31

   This code sequence causes the second load instruction to slip due to a
   load use interlock. When the R4000 crosses the page boundary after the
   lw, it vectors to 0x8000 0000 and later causes an instruction cache miss.
   After the instruction cache miss is complete the LW causes another TLB
   refill. This should vector to 0x8000 0000 but instead goes to 0x8000 0180.

14 (Just an update of erratum 4)


There's more but I don't want to paste the whole errata document in here
and above bugs alone without the respective workarounds in kernel and tools
are grave bugs.


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