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depmod segfault / cause / egcs/binutils bug ?

Subject: depmod segfault / cause / egcs/binutils bug ?
From: Florian Lohoff <>
Date: Wed, 19 Apr 2000 15:50:21 +0200
Organization: rfc822 - pure communication
i just got this mail because i opened a Bug in the Debian BTS
concerning a segfault in depmod.

I used egcs 1.0.3a and binutils 2.8.1 + mips patches to 
create the kernel + modules ... Might there be a bug in
egcs and/or binutils ?

----- Forwarded message from Keith Owens <> -----

From: Keith Owens <>
To: Florian Lohoff <>
Subject: Re: Bug#62617: depmod segfaults on mips/mipsel 
Message-ID: <3565.956140102@ocs3.ocs-net>

The problem is some input objects that do not conform to the ELF
specification that modutils is using, modutils is written to Elf 1.1.

Several of your modules have a mismatch between a field in the section
headers and the data.  In a section with type SHT_SYMTAB, the sh_info
field should contain "One greater than the symbol table index of the
last local symbol (binding STB_LOCAL)", obj_load uses sh_info to
allocate the local symbol table.  In st.o the symtab section has an
sh_info of 10 but there are a lot more than 10 local symbols.  This
overflowed the local_symtab array, overwrote the next malloc area and
broke free().

This patch lists the offending symbols instead of getting SEGV.  I will
include it in modutils 2.3.11 as a sanity check.  However it drops the
extra local symbols so the module may not load anyway.

Are you using an unusual set of binutils?  I think the next step is to
pass this info to the MIPS binutils people and get them to check the
format of your st.o object, with particular reference to the number of
local symbols.

for i in `find /lib/modules/2.3.99-pre3/ -name '*.o'`; do echo $i ; 
/sbin/depmod -ne $i ; done

lists a lot of local symbol table overflows.

Index: modutils-2.3.10/obj/obj_common.c
--- modutils-2.3.10/obj/obj_common.c Thu, 13 Apr 2000 18:17:59 +1000 kaos 
(modutils-2.3/23_obj_common 1.3 644)
+++ modutils-2.3.10/obj/obj_common.c Wed, 19 Apr 2000 20:02:17 +1000 kaos 
(modutils-2.3/23_obj_common 1.3 644)
@@ -167,8 +167,13 @@
   f->symtab[hash] = sym;
   sym->ksymidx = -1;
-  if (ELFW(ST_BIND)(info) == STB_LOCAL && symidx != -1)
-    f->local_symtab[symidx] = sym;
+  if (ELFW(ST_BIND)(info) == STB_LOCAL && symidx != -1) {
+    if (symidx >= f->local_symtab_size)
+      error("local symbol %s with index %ld exceeds local_symtab_size %ld",
+        name, (long) symidx, (long) f->local_symtab_size);
+    else
+      f->local_symtab[symidx] = sym;
+  }
   sym->name = name;

----- End forwarded message -----

Florian Lohoff                  +49-subject-2-change
"Technology is a constant battle between manufacturers producing bigger and
more idiot-proof systems and nature producing bigger and better idiots."

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