[Top] [All Lists]

R3000 and wbflush (was: DZ-11 interrupts)

Subject: R3000 and wbflush (was: DZ-11 interrupts)
From: Harald Koerfgen <>
Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 12:44:42 +0200 (MEST)
Resent-date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 12:49:18 +0200 (MET DST)
Hi Tom, fellow DECstation hackers

On 15-Oct-98 Thomas Riemer wrote:
> Ok - after playing with the dz serial device -
> I'm getting effectively nowhere -
> I have enabled the UART scan
> I have enabled the transmit.
> I can force one character across - but as far
> as I can tell the interrupt that is supposed to be generated
> when the dz11 is ready to process another character never happens.
> I'm guessing that somehow we are not catching it.  
> What's the best way to approach this?  How do I find out what's
> going on under the hood?

Your problem might be another one. The R3000 Family processors (including the 
have a four word writeback buffer which usually is transparent to memory 
but may have side effects when dealing with hardware registers.

Example: Let's assume data and status to be two hardware registers and writing
something to data has an influence on the content of the status register. A code
snippet like:

        data = whatever;
        if (status == OK)

might fail because it cannot be guaranteed that the write access to data happens
before the read access from status.

The solution to this problem is to wait until the writeback buffer is empty 
all write accesses are done. Unfortunately the mechanism for this is hardware
implementation specific and the DECstation engineers chose four different ways 
to do
this. You might want to look at arch/mips/dec/wbflush.c.

To make a long story short, the above code snippet should look like:

#include <asm/dec/wbflush.h>

        data = whatever;
        if (status == OK)

If you have to write to several hardware registers in a certain sequence, you 
to wait for the writeback buffer to be empty too. For example:

        reg_1 = a_value;
        reg_2 = another_value;

when the access to reg_1 should be done before the access to reg_2.

Hope this helps.

<Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread>
  • R3000 and wbflush (was: DZ-11 interrupts), Harald Koerfgen <=