We currently support no MIPS processor that has its I-cache coherent with
the D-cache, no such processor may even exist. We apparently have two
configurations that have fully coherent D-caches and therefore set
cpu_has_ic_fills_f_dc, and these are the Alchemy and NetLogic processor
families. I have checked relevant CPU documentation I was able to track
down and in both cases the respective documents clearly state that
the I-cache provides no hardware coherency and whenever instructions in
memory are modified then the I-cache has to be synchronized by software
even though the D-caches are fully coherent.
Therefore we cannot ever avoid the call to flush_cache_page in
copy_to_user_page and here is a change that reflects this observation.
The implementation of flush_cache_page may then choose freely whether it
needs to perform a full cache synchronization with D-cache writeback and
invalidation requests or whether a lone I-cache invalidation will suffice.
The c-r4k.c implementation already respects the setting of
cpu_has_ic_fills_f_dc and avoids touching the D-cache unless necessary.
The lack of I-cache synchronization is typically seen in debugging
sessions e.g. with GDB where software breakpoints are used. When such a
breakpoint is hit and subsequently replaced using a ptrace(2) call with
the original instruction, the BREAK instruction previously executed
sometimes remains in the I-cache and causes the breakpoint just removed to
hit again regardless, resulting in a spurious SIGTRAP signal delivery that
debuggers typically complain about (e.g. "Program received signal SIGTRAP,
Trace/breakpoint trap" in the case of GDB). Of course the I-cache line
containing the BREAK instruction may have since been randomly replaced, in
which case no problem occurs.
 "AMD Alchemy Au1200 Processor Data Book", AMD Alchemy, January, 2005,
Publication ID: 32798A
 "XLP Processor Family Programming Reference Manual", NetLogic
Microsystems, Revision Level 1.10, February, 2011, Document Number
10724V110PM-CR (regrettably not publicly available)
Signed-off-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Please apply. I've seen these SIGTRAPs in some NetLogic GDB testing and
the removal of this cpu_has_ic_fills_f_dc condition from copy_to_user_page
is really necessary; also the Au1200 document is very explicit about the
requirement of I-cache invalidation in software (see Section 188.8.131.52
"Instruction Cache Coherency").
diff --git a/arch/mips/mm/init.c b/arch/mips/mm/init.c
index 3e0eb5f..1251d86 100644
@@ -239,7 +239,7 @@ void copy_to_user_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC) && !cpu_has_ic_fills_f_dc)
+ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
flush_cache_page(vma, vaddr, page_to_pfn(page));