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kbuild O= support broken?

To: linux-mips@linux-mips.org
Subject: kbuild O= support broken?
From: Fuxin Zhang <fxzhang@ict.ac.cn>
Date: Fri, 30 Mar 2007 23:00:18 +0800
Original-recipient: rfc822;linux-mips@linux-mips.org
Sender: linux-mips-bounce@linux-mips.org
User-agent: Icedove 1.5.0.8 (X11/20061116)
Hello,

Recently I meet a strange error when building a kernel: if I build the kernel in the source tree, then it will work well; but if I build it with O=../build, then the resulting kernel is unstable.

Looking into the problem, I find that these two kernel is quite different, e.g.

ls -l */built-in.o in build/ dir:
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  155239 2007-03-30 10:21 block/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   18923 2007-03-30 10:20 crypto/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson 1498144 2007-03-30 10:30 drivers/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson 1075678 2007-03-30 10:20 fs/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   48747 2007-03-30 22:24 init/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   38110 2007-03-30 10:20 ipc/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  468469 2007-03-30 10:18 kernel/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   18898 2007-03-30 10:41 lib/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  313511 2007-03-30 10:12 mm/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  974689 2007-03-30 10:40 net/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson    6774 2007-03-30 10:20 security/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson       8 2007-03-30 22:43 sound/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson     913 2007-03-30 10:07 usr/built-in.o

ls -l */built-in.o in src tree:
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  155484 2007-03-29 23:03 block/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   21702 2007-03-29 23:01 crypto/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson 1771957 2007-03-29 23:26 drivers/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson 1087193 2007-03-29 23:00 fs/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   48747 2007-03-30 22:21 init/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   54546 2007-03-29 23:01 ipc/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  470917 2007-03-30 10:16 kernel/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   23356 2007-03-29 23:51 lib/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  314543 2007-03-29 22:30 mm/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson  935894 2007-03-29 23:50 net/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson    6774 2007-03-29 23:01 security/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson   12154 2007-03-30 22:21 sound/built-in.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 loongson loongson     894 2007-03-29 22:20 usr/built-in.o

loongson@debian:~/old$ ls -l vmlinux ../build-old/vmlinux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 loongson loongson 3856719 2007-03-30 22:24 ../build-old/vmlinux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 loongson loongson 4079730 2007-03-30 22:21 vmlinux

the size different is around 200K!


Take the "sound" subdir for example, I use Make V=1 to check the output and find that while in the src tree, obj-y is correctly set to soundcore.o, so built-in.o will be linked
using: (CONFIG_SOUND=y)
 make -f scripts/Makefile.build obj=sound
  ld  -m elf32ltsmip  -r -o sound/built-in.o sound/soundcore.o
while with O= option:
 make -f /home/loongson/old/scripts/Makefile.build obj=sound
  rm -f sound/built-in.o; ar rcs sound/built-in.o

check scripts/Makefile.build we can find that it indicates that obj-y is null:
around line 260:

ifdef builtin-target
quiet_cmd_link_o_target = LD      $@
# If the list of objects to link is empty, just create an empty built-in.o
cmd_link_o_target = $(if $(strip $(obj-y)),\
                     $(LD) $(ld_flags) -r -o $@ $(filter $(obj-y), $^),\
                     rm -f $@; $(AR) rcs $@)

$(builtin-target): $(obj-y) FORCE
       $(call if_changed,link_o_target)

Anybody can help explain this?

Thank you.


yours
Fuxin Zhang






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