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problem with prefetch in user space

To: linux-mips@linux-mips.org
Subject: problem with prefetch in user space
From: Tim Lai <tinglai@gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2004 19:34:41 -0400
Original-recipient: rfc822;linux-mips@linux-mips.org
Reply-to: Tim Lai <tinglai@gmail.com>
Sender: linux-mips-bounce@linux-mips.org
I am trying to use prefetch in user space. I am using mips_fp_be-gcc
version 3.2.1,
and the kernel is MontaVista 2.4 kernel.

I have a C program with the fellowing function:

inline void mips_prefetch(void *addr)
{
    __asm__ __volatile__(
                         ".set push                  \n"
                         ".set noreorder             \n"
                         ".set noat                  \n"
                         ".set mips4                 \n"

                         "     pref       4 ,  0(%0)  \n"  
              
                         ".set pop                   \n");
    return;
}

When I compile with gcc, 
/tmp/ccMHaOOf.s: Assembler messages:
/tmp/ccMHaOOf.s:5479: Error: illegal operands `pref'
make: *** [foo.o] Error 1

I tried add -mips4 option in gcc, it got even worst, 

/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s: Assembler messages:
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:54: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:55: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:128: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:129: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:171: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:223: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:224: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:420: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:421: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:698: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:776: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:801: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:815: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:857: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:858: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:913: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1308: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1377: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1402: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1424: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1462: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1497: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1498: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1953: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:1954: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2023: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2092: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2145: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2275: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2313: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2314: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2360: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2361: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2395: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2396: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2480: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2481: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2565: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2575: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2609: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2686: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2692: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2714: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2741: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2745: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2793: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2818: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2824: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2849: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2858: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2883: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2948: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:2949: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3036: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3037: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3109: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3260: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3388: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3393: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3446: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3458: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3469: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3486: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3543: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3631: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3677: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3695: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3715: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3739: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3805: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3829: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3840: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3858: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3935: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3941: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3963: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3982: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:3994: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4012: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4086: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4101: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4142: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4143: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4196: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4210: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4236: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4264: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4285: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4311: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4330: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4386: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4387: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4673: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4714: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4882: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:4948: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5014: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5067: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5179: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5282: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5366: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5382: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5441: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5585: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5586: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5685: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5690: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5705: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5782: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5783: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5808: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5816: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5880: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5915: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5916: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5925: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5926: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5927: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5928: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5929: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5930: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5931: Error: illegal operands `pref'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5962: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:5963: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:6008: Error: illegal operands `lui'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:6009: Error: illegal operands `addiu'
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:6024: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code
/tmp/ccN6Xs81.s:6035: Warning: No .cprestore pseudo-op used in PIC code

Can anyone shine some light on this?
Is prefetch not mean for user program at all?
Have anyone got this to work?

Thanks.

Tim Lai

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