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Re: Toshiba TX3927 board boot problem.

To: Ralf Baechle <>
Subject: Re: Toshiba TX3927 board boot problem.
From: Alice Hennessy <>
Date: Mon, 29 Oct 2001 18:25:51 -0800
Cc: Carsten Langgaard <>, Atsushi Nemoto <>,,
References: <> <> <> <> <> <>
Ralf Baechle wrote:

> On Mon, Oct 29, 2001 at 04:17:23PM -0800, Alice Hennessy wrote:
> > > This doesn't look right, you still need to enable the CU1 bit in the
> > > status register to let the FP emulator kick-in.  FPU-less CPUs should
> > > take a coprocessor unusable exception on any floating-point instructions.
> > > I have been running this on several FPU-less CPUs, and it works fine for
> > me.
> >
> > Maybe the FPU-less CPUs you have been using define the CU1 bit as reserved
> > or is unused (ignore on write, zero on read)? The TX3927 actually allows
> > the setting of the CU1 bit.  Have you seen a case where you need to set
> > the CU1 bit for the emulation to kick-in?   I would think that the CU1
> > bit should never be set to one for FPU-less CPUs.
> There are subtle differences in how CUx bits for unimplemented coprocessors
> are handled in the various processors.  MIPS32 and MIPS64 specifies the
> behaviour as 0 on read, writes ignored; previous processors such as the
> R4000 handled this differently and as a consequence a fp instruction on
> a fpu-less r4000 class cpu may either throw a CU or a reserved instruction
> exception.  To make things easier for everybody this is documented in the
> R10000 user's manual ...
>   Ralf

So,  we should not set CU1 generically for FPU-less CPUs especially since a
known problem exists
for the tx3927?  Ie, qualify all setting of CU1 as follows:

if (mips_cpu.options & MIPS_CPU_FPU)


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